Android versions over time: history of the Google operating system

For Android lovers is not only relevant that the beloved smartphone or tablet runs on the mobile operating system from Google, but also the version on the device is used. We take a look into the turbulent history of Android: When did which version and innovations introduced them? A review of Android 1.5 Cupcake to Android 6.0 Marshmallow and the latest version of Android 7.0 nougat.

Updated on 08 March 2017: We have updated the text and new information about Android 7.0 added nougat and daring views of the Android future.

bring Android versions, although usually security-related patches along the way, but these are more and more outsourced to the Google Play Services. Primarily new Android versions bolts of appearance, performance and stability and also introduce new features. From the first version of Android to Android 7.0 nougat lot has of course done, after all we are talking about seven years, Android's history - from the oldest down to the most current version of Android.

android versions

Start Photogallery(10 images)WhatsApp, Facebook & Co. - Android Apps yesterday and today compared

Contents: Android versions compared

  • Android 1.0: How it all began
  • Android 1.1: Maps and telephony
  • Android 1.5 Cupcake: video capture and better writing
  • Android 1.6 Donut: VPNs and voice output
  • Android 2.0, 2.1 Eclair: Small but nice improvements
  • Android 2.2 Froyo: JIT, tethering and Flash
  • Android 2.3 Gingerbread: NFC, more sensors, a new UI
  • Android 3.0 Honeycomb: Android Now Available for Tablets
  • Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich: Everything looks different
  • Android 4.1, 4.2, 4.3 Jelly Bean: The love is in the details
  • Android 4.4 KitKat: Android decreases
  • Android 5.0, 5.1 Lollipop: Material is coming
  • Android 6.0 Marshmallow: Functional fine groundwood remains sweet as sugar
  • Android 7.0 nougat: Focus on Multitasking
On the subject: Google Nexus: tablets and smartphones that define Android

Android 1.0: How it all began

Android versions over time: history of the Google operating systemHTC Dream aka T-Mobile G1, the first Android smartphone

was on 23 September 2008 Android 1.0 officially presented, then still on prototype phones. were among the core functions:

  • Introduction of the Android Markets (now Google Play)
  • Gmail app with synchronization of Gmail content
  • Google Contacts
  • Google Calendar
  • Google Maps with Latitude and Street View integration
  • Google Search
  • Google Sync
  • Google Talk (now Google Hangouts)
  • Support for instant messaging, SMS and MMS
  • Introduction of the notification bar
  • Media Player with extensive functions
  • Language
  • Wallpaper can be selected and set
  • YouTube app
  • More Apps: alarm, calculator, phone home screen (Launcher), image gallery, settings
  • Support for Wi-Fi and Bluetooth

Android 1.1: Maps and telephony

Six months later, on February 9th 2009, already followed the next version of Android. This was only for the HTC Dream (T-Mobile G1) - the first smartphone with the Android operating system - thought. Besides the elimination of various bugs there was also equal to a few new features:

  • Google Maps: Details and advice of other users have been displayed in the search for companies and shops
  • Attachments from MMS could now be saved
  • The phone menu has been slightly revised

Android 1.5 Cupcake: video capture and better writing


On 27 April 2009 was Android 1.5 Cupcake presented. Most obvious innovation was the dessert-appendage in the name that continues to this day here. The name was of course not the only innovation:

  • Switching between portrait and landscape orientation (portrait or landscape)
  • Support for third-party keyboards that are equipped with word predictions and individual dictionary
  • Camera can now record videos
  • Bluetooth Auto pairing and stereo support
  • Copy & Paste in browser possible
  • Profile images for the favorites from the contact list
  • Animated screen transitions
  • New boot animation
  • Videos can be uploaded to YouTube now photos to Picasa
  • Support for widgets

Android 1.6 Donut: VPNs and voice output


Only four months later, on September 15th 2009, Google introduced then Android 1.6 Donut in front.

  • VPN (virtual private networks) are now useless and configurable
  • Developers can integrate their content in search results
  • Improved search: This now works across source and is self-optimizing
  • To speak multilingual speech synthesis engine that enables any Android app coherent text
  • Screenshots can now be viewed on the Android Market
  • Quick access to the camera, the gallery and the picture and video recording are now better integrated, multiple photos can be selected and deleted
  • Text-to-speech engine (speech output) and support for gestures such as pinch-to-zoom in Apps
  • Support for displays with WVGA resolution (800 x 480 pixels)
  • View for the detailed battery consumption of individual applications

On the next page we treat the Android versions 2.0 to 2.3.


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