NAS comparison QNAP vs. Synology? What hardware do I need?

Synology and QNAP are the most famous manufacturer of NAS servers that have a very good quality. But what hardware do you need actually for your claims? The question should answer her because her otherwise more money ausgebt than necessary.

First, we clarify what you are actually required for NAS hardware and connectors. Then we go into the differences between Synology and QNAP. NAS servers are operated by the way a browser, similar to the Fritz box. More information about this there is below.

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NAS: What hardware is needed at all?

The Synology DS216j is sufficient as a space donor and TV streaming for two people. The Synology DS216j is sufficient as a space donor and TV streaming for two people. Source: Synology*

Anyone who has ever dealt with the issue of NAS, perhaps surprised at the &# 8220; relatively poor&# 8221; Hardware that is installed in a entry-level NAS. Synology DS216j *NAS comparison QNAP vs. Synology? What hardware do I need? For example, has the following features:

  • 2 hard drive bays (2-bay NAS)
  • 1.0 GHz CPU
  • 512 MB RAM
  • 1 x Gigabit network connection and 2 x USB 3.0

However, a NAS is not a PC: A NAS is (for now) only make storage available on the network, nothing more. For this, the hardware just fine. A NAS with this hardware is sufficient for a household with two people, copy the files to the NAS or, for example films of NAS on the SmartTV or smartphone / tablet stream.

In a small community from 4 people it is already useful a 2-bay NAS with 1GB of RAM and dual-core CPU to use. The same applies if you multiple services on the NAS running let such as VPN server, mail server, FTP server, cloud server etc. want if you also transcoding for example, (the videos are calculated on the NAS and the finished result to the transmitting network devices), then you need a NAS group 1 with stronger hardware at Synology. What models are eligible, you see here *.

Conclusion: must afford the more additional functions of small servers simultaneously alongside, the stronger the hardware needs to be.

NAS Server: How much do I need Bays? (Hard disk trays)

  • A NAS server should be at least two hard drive bays have (2-bay NAS), so you can use the fail-safe RAID. Then, if a hard drive breaks down, your data is recoverable.
  • But keep in mind: Depending on which RAID type uses her, you have less storage capacity: Raid 0, 1, 2, 5, 6, 10 and SHR - Differences & Comparison (simply stated).
  • If you need large amounts of disk space (more than 4 TB), is a 4-bay NAS makes sense. Here you can buy a number of small hard drives than a few large as would be the case in a 2-bay NAS. This is you ultimately cheaper. As the most expensive on a NAS - at least in the entry-level range - the disks are.
  • Is a NAS with SSD make sense? - No, because&# 8230 ;.

Conclusion: A 2-bay NAS is sufficient for most smaller households. If you need large amounts of memory (more than 4 TB), a 4-bay NAS and it makes sense.

NAS: What connections do I need?

By comparison, the QNAP TS-231 *NAS comparison QNAP vs. Synology? What hardware do I need? Although 20 euros more expensive than the above Synology NAS, but it has more connections and hard drives can be changed during operation (hot swap).

The QNAP NAS has more connections. The most important thing a network port (and USB 3.0). Source: QNAP The QNAP NAS has more connections. The most important thing a network port (and USB 3.0). Source: QNAP*
  • A NAS needs above all a network connection. Standard is a Gigabit port. So you can in the wired network (LAN) by a maximum of 120 MB / s.
  • USB 3.0 ports are practically set up an ordinary printer as a network printer or to make the NAS backups to an external hard drive. Also can connect their security cameras, WLAN or DVB-T sticks. But they really are not absolutely necessary, since everything can be controlled by software via the network.
  • eSATA and SD card slots are more luxury and not mandatory.

In the professional sector and more network connections and interfaces may be required to set up multiple networks.

Conclusion: For beginners, a gigabit network port and a USB port is enough (default). Those who intend more, should pay attention to the existing connections.

A Synology or QNAP NAS? What is better?

The user interfaces of Synology and QNAP are similar.The user interfaces of Synology and QNAP are similar.

Clearly, this question can not be answered:

  • QNAP comes rather from the professional sector and has established itself over the years in the consumer segment. NAS devices appear slightly more expensive than Synology compared, but have also installed more connections and powerful hardware generally.
  • Synology is very user-friendly and allows easy configuration. Users can choose from many NAS models. The J-series is designed especially for beginners.
  • Both NAS systems based on Linux, the user interfaces (QNAP QTS & Synology DSM) are aligned in an intuitive and simple operation via a browser. They resemble each other quite strong and can extend the NAS functionality through App packages.
  • For smartphone and tablet are in the Play Store and Apple App Store also apps that you can control your NAS server.
  • Ultimately, it will work out on what interface you can find better. You can try this so-called live demos of both system running on test NAS systems. Follow the links and logs you a with the displayed user data there. With Synology you've got to log in on the beta program: QNAP live demo | Synology live demo

Conclusion: From the above information, you should be able to assess which comes NAS for you to question and which manufacturer tends her. Sometimes it is also a matter of taste rather than a rational justification.


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